All About Habits
We resort to mental gymnastics to avoid accepting that our logic – or our belief system itself – is flawed. Lying, denying, and rationalizing are among the tactics we employ to dance around the truth and avoid the discomfort that contradiction creates. We avoid or toss aside information that isn’t consistent with our current beliefs. Emotions trump logic and evidence. Once our minds are made up, it is very difficult to change them.
Also known as the false dilemma or binary thinking, black-and-white thinking doesn’t allow for the many different variables, conditions, nuance, and contexts in which there would exist more than just the two possibilities (usually opposite extremes) presented. It frames arguments misleadingly and obscures rational, honest discussion.